Every group of people has a language that they speak, whether it is indigenous, global; local or popular

Languages are complex systems that not only allow groups of people to communicate, but develop their cultures, traditions, religions, values, and intellectual Languages have existed and evolved alongside the human species, via convergence, divergence, and diffusion, to create the pool of languages spoken today. Through various hypotheses, analyses, and strategies such as backward reconstruction, linguists and scientists are able to recreate vocabularies from ancient and dead languages. Extinct languages, as well as their endangered counterparts, are a result of the globalization of our world. While the world becomes increasingly globalized, elements of local culture, in this case culture, are absorbed and replaced by global languages like English.

The only way to prevent a language from becoming extinct is to continue speaking it from one generation to another. Often times, local languages are not practical forms of communication in environments such as work and educational institutions, and sometimes languages are oppressed. Languages will continue to become extinct, but the only thing we can do is to learn about them, appreciate them, and raise awareness about them to prolong their existences and enjoy their ethnolinguistic and cultural uniqueness while they are still here. By reading the Language section of this Culture Wiki, you are developing your geographic awareness of language.


Language is an essential element of culture, and it is a major component in the development of cultural identity. To understand the concept of language in the context of human geography, one must be able to answer the following questions:

Key Questions:
  1. What are languages, and what role do languages play in cultures?
  2. Why are languages distributed the way they are?
  3. How do languages diffuse?
  4. What role does language play in making places?

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